Journal Articles    Book Chapters    Books

Martyn, Trace E, William K Lauenroth, John B Bradford, Daniel R Schlaepfer. Seed bank and existing plant community mismatch: Potential impacts on climate change induced species range shifts. Ecosphere (revision)

Pennington, V. E., J. B. Bradford, D. R. Schlaepfer, Jeffrey L. Beck, Kyle A. Palmquist, and W. K. Lauenroth. 2016. Sagebrush, Greater Sage-Grouse, and the Occurrence and Importance of Forbs. Western North American Naturalist (in press).

Palmquist, K. A., W. K. Lauenroth, D. R. Schlaepfer, and J. B. Bradford. 2016. Mid-latitude shrub steppe plant communities: Climate change consequences for soil water resources. Ecology (in press)

Petrie, M. D., A. M. Wildeman, John B. Bradford, R. M. Hubbard, W. K. Lauenroth. 2016. A review of precipitation and temperature control on seedling emergence and establishment for ponderosa and lodgepole pine forest regeneration. Forest Ecology and Management 361:328-338.

Moore L., W. K. Lauenroth, D. M. Bell, D. R. Schlaepfer. 2015. Soil water and temperature explain canopy phenology and onset of spring in a semiarid steppe. Great Plains Research 25:121-138.

Bell, D.M., J.B. Bradford, W.K. Lauenroth. 2015. Scale-dependence of disease impacts on quaking aspen (Populus tremuloides) mortality risk in the southwestern U. S. Ecology 96: 1835-1845.

Schlaepfer, D. R., Taylor, K., V. E. Pennington, K. N. Nelson, T. E. Martyn, C. M. Rottler, W. K. Lauenroth, and J. B. Bradford. 2015. Simulated big sagebrush regeneration supports predicted changes at the trailing and leading edges of distribution shifts. Ecosphere 6:Art3.

Avirmed, O. I. C. Burke, M. l. Mobley, W. K. Lauenroth. 2014. Sagebrush steppe recovery on 30–90-year-old abandoned oil and gas wells. Ecosphere 6Art116.

Newbold, T. A. Scott, P. Stapp, K. E. Levensailor, J. D. Derner, and W. K. Lauenroth. 2014. Community Responses of Arthropods to a Range of Traditional and Manipulated Grazing in Shortgrass Steppe. Environmental Entomology 43: 556-568 

Bell, D.M., J.B. Bradford, W.K. Lauenroth. 2014. Mountain landscapes offer few opportunities for high elevation tree species migration. Global Change Biology 20:1441-1451.

Bell, D.M., J.B. Bradford, W.K. Lauenroth. 2014. Forest stand structure, productivity, and age mediate climatic effects on aspen decline. Ecology 95: 2040-2046.

Bell, D.M., J.B. Bradford, W.K. Lauenroth. 2014. Early indicators of change- divergent climate envelopes between tree life stages imply range shifts in the western United States. Global Ecology and Biogeography 23: 168-180.

Schlaepfer, D. R., W. K. Lauenroth, and J. B. Bradford. 2014. Modeling regeneration responses of big sagebrush (Artemisia tridentata) to abiotic conditions. Ecological Modelling 286:66-77.

Schlaepfer, D. R., W. K. Lauenroth, and J. B. Bradford. 2014.  Natural Regeneration Processes in Big Sagebrush (Artemisia tridentata). Rangeland Ecology and Management 67: 344-357.

Lauenroth, W. K., D. R. Schlaepfer, and J. B. Bradford. 2014. Ecohydrology of dry regions of the United States: Storage versus pulse soil water dynamics. Ecosystems 17: 1469-1479.

Bradford, J. B., D. R. Schlaepfer, W. K. Lauenroth, I. C. Burke. 2014. Shifts in plant functional types have time-dependent and regionally variable impacts on dryland ecosystem water balance. Journal of Ecology 102: 1408-1418.

Bradford, J. B., D. R. Schlaepfer, W. K. Lauenroth. 2014. Ecohydrology of adjacent sagebrush and lodgepole pine ecosystems: the consequences of climate change and disturbance. Ecosystems 17:590-605.

Avirmed, O. I. C. Burke, M. l. Mobley, W. K. Lauenroth, and D. R. Schlaepfer. 2014. Natural recovery of soil organic matter in 30–90-year-old abandoned oil and gas wells in sagebrush steppe. Ecosphere 5:art24. Schlaepfer, D. R., B. E. Ewers, B. N. Shuman, D. G. Williams, J. M. Frank, W. J. Massman, and W. K. Lauenroth. 2014. Terrestrial water fluxes dominated by transpiration: Comment Arising from S. Jasechko et al. Nature 496, 347-351 (2013). Ecosphere 5:art61. 

Chu, C., K. M. Havstad, N. Kaplan, W. K. Lauenroth, M. P. McClaran, D. P. Peters, L. T. Vermeire & P. B. Adler. 2014. Life form influences survivorship patterns for 109 herbaceous perennials from six semi-arid ecosystems. Journal of Vegetation Science 25:947-954. 

Byrne, K. M., W. K. Lauenroth, P. B. Adler. 2013. Contrasting Effects of Precipitation Manipulations on Production in Two Sites within the Central Grassland Region, USA. Ecosystems 16: 1039-1051.

Lkhagva, A., B. Boldgiv, C. E. Goulden, O. Yadamsuren, and W. K. Lauenroth. 2013. Effects of grazing on plant community structure and aboveground net primary production of semiarid boreal steppe of northern Mongolia. Grassland Science 59:135-145. doi: 10.1111/grs.12022

Chu, Chengjin, J. Norman, R. Flynn, N. Kaplan, W. K. Lauenroth, and P. B. Adler. 2013. Cover, density, and demographics of shortgrass steppe plants mapped 1997–2010 in permanent grazed and ungrazed quadrats. Ecology 94: 1435.

Burke, I. C., E. E. Bontti, J. E. Barrett, P. N. Lowe, W. K. Lauenroth and R. Riggle. 2013. Impact of labile and recalcitrant carbon treatments on available nitrogen and plant communities in a semiarid ecosystem. Ecological Applications 23: 537-545.

Sala, O. E., R. A. Golluscio, W. K. Lauenroth, and P. A. Roset. 2012. Contrasting Nutrient-Capture Strategies in Shrubs and Grasses of a Patagonian Arid Ecosystem. Journal of Arid Environments 82: 130-135.

Bermejo, L. A. and W. K. Lauenroth. 2012. Conservation Grazing Management: A new approach to livestock management and biodiversity conservation. Journal of Sustainable Agriculture 36: 744-758. DOI: 10.1080/10440046.2011.627992

Schlaepfer, D. R., W. K. Lauenroth and J. B. Bradford. 2012. Consequences of declining snow accumulation for water balance of mid-latitude dry regions. Global Change Biology 18: 1988-1997. DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2486.2012.02642.x

Munson, S. M., W. K. Lauenroth, I. C. Burke. 2012. Soil Carbon and Nitrogen Recovery on Semiarid Conservation Reserve Program Lands. Journal of Arid Environments 79: 25-31. doi:10.1016/j.jaridenv.2011.11.027

 Schlaepfer, D. R., W. K. Lauenroth and J. B. Bradford. 2012. Consequences of declining snow accumulation for water balance of mid-latitude dry regions. Global Change Biology 18: 1988-1997. DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2486.2012.02642.x

 Bermejo, L. A. and W. K. Lauenroth. 2012. Conservation Grazing Management: A new approach to livestock management and biodiversity conservation. Journal of Sustainable Agriculture 36: 744-758. DOI: 10.1080/10440046.2011.627992

 Sala, O. E., R. A. Golluscio, W. K. Lauenroth, and P. A. Roset. 2012. Contrasting Nutrient-Capture Strategies in Shrubs and Grasses of a Patagonian Arid Ecosystem. Journal of Arid Environments 82: 130-135.

Schlaepfer, D. R., W. K. Lauenroth and J. B. Bradford. 2012. Ecohydrological niche of sagebrush ecosystems. Ecohydrology 5: 453-466.

Schlaepfer, D. R., W. K. Lauenroth and J. B. Bradford. 2011. Effects of ecohydrological variables on current and future ranges, local suitability patterns, and model accuracy in big sagebrush. Ecography 35: 374-384. doi: 10.1111/j.1600-0587.2011.06928.x.

Munson, S. M. and W. K. Lauenroth. 2011. Plant Community Recovery Following Restoration in Semiarid Grasslands. Restoration Ecology DOI: 10.1111/j.1526-100X.2011.00808.x

Bermejo, L. A., Silvia Fernandez-Lugo, Lea de Nascimento & William K. Lauenroth. 2011. Gestion del pastoreo para la conservacion de la avifauna. podria aplicarse en Canarias? Boletín de la Real Sociedad Economica de Amigos del Pais de Tenerife 303-325.

Byrne, K. M., W. K. Lauenroth, P. B. Adler, and C. M. Byrne. 2011. Estimating aboveground net primary production in grasslands: a comparison of nondestructive methods. Range Management & Ecology 64: 498-505.

Evans, S. E., K. M. Byrne, W. K. Lauenroth, and I. C. Burke. 2011. Defining the limit to resistance in a drought-tolerant grassland: long-term severe drought significantly reduces the dominant species and increases ruderals. Journal of Ecology 99: 1500-1507.

Evans, S. E., I. C. Burke, W. K. Lauenroth, Z. Guangsheng. 2011. Controls on soil organic carbon and nitrogen in Inner Mongolia, China: a cross-continental comparison of temperate grasslands. Global Biogeochemical Cycles (in press)

Lauenroth, W. K. and J. B. Bradford. 2011. Ecohydrology of dry regions of the United States: Water balance consequences of small precipitation events. Ecohydrology (in press)

Byrne, K. M., W. K. Lauenroth, and L. N. Davis. 2010. Non-native plant species impacts on production and diversity in the front range of Colorado. Western North American Naturalist 70: 288-295.

Hwang, B. C., and W. K. Lauenroth. 2010. Effect of nitrogen, water, and neighbor presence on the growth of Hesperis matronalis  in a natural community. American Midland Naturalist 163: 212-219.

Lauenroth, W. K. and J. B. Bradford. 2009. Ecohydrology of dry regions of the United States: Precipitation pulses and intraseasonal drought. Ecohydrology 2: 173-181.

Burke, I. C. and W. K. Lauenroth. 2009. Environmentalist label not in our best interest. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 7:240.

White, M. A., Kirsten M. de Beurs, Kamel Didan, David W. Inouye, Andrew D. Richardson, Olaf P. Jensen, John O'Keefe, Gong Zhang, Ramakrishna R. Nemani, Willem, J.D. van Leeuwen, Jesslyn F. Brown, Allard de Wit, Michael Schaepman, Xioamao Lin, Michael Dettinger, Amey S. Bailey, John Kimball, Mark D. Schwartz, Dennis D. Baldocchi, John T. Lee, William K. Lauenroth. 2009. Intercomparison, interpretation, and assessment of spring phenology in North America estimated from remote sensing for 1982 to 2006. Global Change Biology doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2486.2009.01910.x

Lauenroth, W. K., R. L.Dougherty, and J. S. Singh. 2009. Precipitation event size controls on long-term abundance of Opuntia polyacantha in Great Plains grasslands. Great Plains Research 19: 55-64.

Derner, J. D., W. K. Lauenroth, P. Stapp, and D. J. Augustine. 2009. Livestock as ecosystem engineers for grassland bird habitat in the western Great Plains of North America. Rangeland Ecology and Management 62:111-118.

McCulley, R. L., I. C. Burke, and W. K. Lauenroth. 2009. Conservation of nitrogen increases with precipitation across a major grassland gradient in the central Great Plains of North America. Oecologia 159: 571-581.

Munson, S. M. and W. K. Lauenroth. 2009. Plant population and community responses to removal of the dominant species. Journal of Vegetation Science 20: 1-9.

Adair, E. C., I. C. Burke, and W. K. Lauenroth. 2008. Contrasting effects of resource availability and plant mortality on plant community invasion by Bromus tectorum L. Plant and Soil 304:103-115.

Lauenroth, W. K. and P. B. Adler. 2008. Demography of grassland plants: Survival, life expectancy, and lifespan. Journal of Ecology 96:1023-1032.

Cleland, E. E., C. M. Clark, S. L. Collins, J. E. Fargione, L. Gough, K. L. Gross, D. G. Milchunas, S. C. Pennings, W. D. Bowman, I. C. Burke, W. K. Lauenroth, G. P. Robertson, J. C. Simpson, D. Tilman, and K. N. Suding. 2008. Species responses to nitrogen fertilization in herbaceous plant communities, and associated species traits. Ecology 89: 1175.

Hwang, B. C., and W. K. Lauenroth. 2008. Effect of nitrogen, water and neighbor density on the growth of Hesperis matronalis and two native perennials. Biological Invasions 10:771-779.

Oyarzabal, M., J. M. Paruelo, F. Del Pino, M. Oesterheld, and W. K. Lauenroth. 2007. Trait differences between grass species along a climatic gradient in South and North America. Journal of Vegetation Science 19:183-192.

Adler, P.B., W. R. Tyburcz, and W. K. Lauenroth. 2007. Long-term mapped quadrats from Kansas prairie: A unique source of demographic information for herbaceous plants. Ecology 88: 2673.

Wells, F. H. and W. K. Lauenroth. 2007. The potential for horses to disperse alien plants along recreational trails. Rangeland Ecology and Management 60:574-577.

Bradford, J. B. and W. K. Lauenroth. 2006. Controls over invasion of Bromus tectorum: The importance of climate, soil, disturbance, and seed availability. Journal of Vegetation Science 17: 693-704.

Lauenroth, W. K., A. A. Wade, M. A. Williamson, B. Ross, S. Kumar, and D. P. Cariveau. 2006.  Uncertainty in calculations of net primary production for grasslands. Ecosystems 9:843-851.

Lauenroth, W. K. and J. B. Bradford. 2006. Ecohydrology and the partitioning AET between transpiration and evaporation in a semiarid steppe. Ecosystems 9:756-767.

Bradford, J. B., W. K. Lauenroth, I. C. Burke, and J. M. Paruelo. 2006. The influence of climate, soils, weather, and land use on primary production and biomass seasonality in the US Great Plains. Ecosystems 9: 934-950.

Adler, P. B., M. F. Garbulski, J. M. Paruelo, and W. K. Lauenroth. 2006. Do abiotic differences explain contrasting graminoid functional traits in sagebrush steppe, USA and Patagonian steppe, Argentina. Journal of Arid Environments 65:62-82.

White, E. P., P. B. Adler, W. K. Lauenroth, R. A. Gill, D. Greenberg, D. M. Kaufman, A. Rassweiler, J. A. Rusak, M. D. Smith, J. R. Steinbeck, R. B. Waide, and J. Yao. 2006. A comparison of the species-time relationship across ecosystems and taxonomic groups. Oikos 112:185-195.

Adler,P. B.,  E. P. White, W. K. Lauenroth, D. M. Kaufman, A. Rassweiler, and J. A. Rusak. 2005. Evidence for a general species-time-area relationship. Ecology 86:2032-2039.

Bradford, J. B., J. A. Hicke, and W. K. Lauenroth. 2005. The relative importance of light-use efficiency modifications from environmental conditions and cultivation for estimation of large-scale net primary production. Remote Sensing of Environment 96:246-255.

Bradford, J. B., W. K. Lauenroth, and I. C. Burke. 2005. The impact of cropping on primary production in the U. S. Great Plains. Ecology 86:1863-1872.

Adler, P. B., D. G. Milchunas, O. E. Sala, I. C. Burke, and W. K. Lauenroth. 2005. Plant traits and ecosystem grazing effects: Comparison of U.S. sagebrush steppe and Patagonian steppe. Ecological Applications 15: 774-792.

McCulley, R. L., I. C. Burke, J. A. Nelson, W. K. Lauenroth, A. K. Knapp, and E. F. Kelly. 2005. Regional patterns in carbon cycling across the Great Plains of North America. Ecosystems 8: 106-121.

Lauenroth W.K., Epstein H.E., Paruelo J.M., Burke I.C., Aguiar M.R., Sala O.E. 2004. Potential effects of climate change on the temperate zones of North and South America. Revista Chilena De Historia Natural 77: 439-453.

M. E. Loik . D. D. Breshears, W. K. Lauenroth, and J. Belnap. 2004. A multi-scale perspective of water pulses in dryland ecosystems: climatology and ecohydrology of the western USA. Oecologia 141: 269-281.

Roberts, L. M., R. L. McCulley, I. C. Burke, and W. K. Lauenroth. 2004. Indications of deep soil water usage by limber pine (Pinus flexilis) and skunkbush sumac (Rhus aromatica) in northeastern Colorado: An oxygen isotope study. American Midland Naturalist 152:178-182.

Adler, P. B., D. G. Milchunas, W. K. Lauenroth, O. E. Sala, and I. C. Burke. 2004. Functional traits of graminiods in semiarid steppes: a testing of grazing histories. Journal of Applied Ecology 41:653-663.

Adler, P. B. and W. K. Lauenroth. 2003. The power of time: spatiotemporal scaling of species diversity. Ecology Letters 6: 1-8.

Lauenroth, W. K. 2003. Forum: The ecology-policy interface. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 1: 47-48.

Kratz, T. K., L. A. Deegan, M. E. Harmon, and W. K. Lauenroth. 2003. Ecological variability in space and time: Insights gained from the US LTER program. BioScience 53: 57-67.

Murphy, K.L., I. C. Burke, M.A. Vinton, W.K. Lauenroth, M.R. Aguiar, D.A. Wedin, R.A. Virginia, and P. Lowe. 2002. Regional analysis of litter quality in the central grassland region of North America.  Journal of Vegetation Science 13:395-402.

Burke, I. C., W. K. Lauenroth, G. Cunfer, J. E. Barrett, A. R. Mosier, and P. Lowe. 2002. Nitrogen in the central grasslands region of the U.S.: a regional perspective. BioScience 52:813-823.

Veron, Santiago R., José M. Paruelo, Osvaldo E. Sala, and William K. Lauenroth.  2002. Environmental controls of primary production in agricultural systems of the Argentine pampas. Ecosystems 5:625-635.

Gill, R., I.C. Burke, W.K. Lauenroth, and D.G. Milchunas. 2002. Longevity and turnover of roots in the shortgrass steppe: influence of diameter and depth. Plant Ecology 159: 241-251.

Barrett, J.E., R. L. McCulley, D. R. Lane, I.C. Burke, and W.K. Lauenroth. 2002. Influence of climate variability on plant production and N-mineralization in central US grasslands. Journal of Vegetation Science 13:383-394.

Dodd, M. B., W. K. Lauenroth, and I. C. Burke. 2002. Associations between vegetation patterns and soil texture in the shortgrass steppe. Plant Ecology 158:127-137.

Burke, I. C. and W. K. Lauenroth. 2002.  Ecosystem ecology at regional scales. Ecology 83:305-306.

Epstein, H.E., I.C. Burke, and W.K. Lauenroth 2002. Regional patterns of decomposition and primary production rates in the U.S. Great Plains. Ecology 83:320-327.

Lowe, P. N., W. K. Lauenroth, and I. C. Burke. 2002. Effects of nitrogen availability on the growth of native grasses and exotic weeds. Journal of Range Management 55:94-98.

Paruelo, J.M., I.C. Burke, and W.K. Lauenroth. 2001. Land use impact on ecosystem functioning in eastern Colorado. Global Change Biology 7:631-639.

Aguiar, M. R. and W. K. Lauenroth. 2001. Local and regional differences in abundance of co-dominant grasses in the shortgrass steppe: a modeling analysis of potential causes. Plant Ecology 156:161-171.

Adler, P.B. and W.K. Lauenroth.  2001. Livestock exclusion increases the spatial heterogeneity of vegetation in the shortgrass steppe.  Applied Vegetation Science 3:213-222.

Adler, P.B., D.A. Raff, and W.K. Lauenroth. 2001. Effects of grazing on the spatial heterogeneity of vegetation. Oecologia 128:465-479.

Milchunas, D. G. and W. K. Lauenroth. 2001. Belowground primary production by carbon isotope decay and long-term root biomass dynamics.  Ecosystems 4:139-150.

Aguiar, M. R., W. K. Lauenroth, and D. P. C. Peters. 2001.  Intensity of intra- and interspecific competition in coexisting shortgrass species. Journal of Ecology 89:40-47.

Fair, J. L., D. P. C. Peters and W. K. Lauenroth. 2001. Response of individual Bouteloua gracilis (Gramineae) plants and tillers to small disturbances. American Midland Naturalist 145:147-158.

Huston, M., L. W. Aarensen, M. P. Austin, B. S. Cade, J. D. Fridley, E. Garnier, J. P. Grime, J. G. Hodgson, W. K. Lauenroth, K. Thompson, J. Vandemeer, and D. A. Wardle. 2000. No consistent effect of plant diversity on productivity. Science 289:1255-1257

Wardle, D. A., M. Huston, J. P. Grime, F. Berense, E. Garnier, W. K. Lauenroth, H. Setala, and B. Wilson. 2000. Biodiversity and ecosystem function: an issue in ecology. Bulletin of the Ecological Society of America 81:235-239.

Lauenroth, W. K., I. C. Burke and J. M. Paruelo. 2000. Patterns of production and precipitation use efficiency in winter wheat and native grasslands in the central Great Plains of the United States.  Ecosystems  3:344-351.

Paruelo, J. M., W. K. Lauenroth and P. A. Roset. 2000. Estimating aboveground plant biomass using a photographic technique. Journal of Range Management 53:190-193.

Lane, D. R., D. P. Coffin and W. K. Lauenroth. 2000. Changes in grassland canopy structure across a precipitation gradient. Journal of Vegetation Science 11:359-368.

Lauenroth, W. K., I. C. Burke, and M. P. Gutmann. 1999. The structure and function of ecosystems in the central North American grassland region. Great Plains Research 9: 223-259.

Wythers, K. R., W. K. Lauenroth, and J. M. Paruelo. 1999. Bare-soil evaporation under semiarid field conditions. Soil Science Society of America Journal 63:1341-1349.

Epstein, H. E., I. C. Burke and W. K. Lauenroth. 1999. Response of the shortgrass steppe to changes in rainfall seasonality. Ecosystems 2:139-150.

Burke, I. C., W. K. Lauenroth, R. Riggle, P. Brannen, B. Madigan and S. Beard. 1999. Spatial variability of soil properties in a shortgrass steppe: The relative importance of topography, grazing, microsite and plant species in controlling spatial pattern. Ecosystems 2:422-438.

Fair, J., W. K. Lauenroth and D. P. Coffin. 1999. Demography of Bouteloua gracilis in a mixed prairie: analysis of genets and individuals. Journal of Ecology 87:233-243.

Gill, R., I. C. Burke, D. G. Milchunas and W. K. Lauenroth. 1999. Relationship between root biomass and soil organic matter pools in the shortgrass steppe of eastern Colorado. Ecosystems 2:226-236.

Paruelo, J. M., W. K. Lauenroth, I. C. Burke and O. E. Sala. 1999. Grassland precipitation use efficiency varies across a resource gradient. Ecosystems 2:64-67.

Singh, J. S., D. G. Milchunas, and W. K. Lauenroth. 1998. Soil water dynamics and vegetation patterns in a semiarid grassland. Plant Ecology 134:77-89.

Paruelo, J. M. and W. K. Lauenroth. 1998. Interannual variability of NDVI and its relationship to climate for North American shrublands and grasslands. Journal of Biogeography 25:721-733.

Dodd, M. B., W. K. Lauenroth and J. M. Welker. 1998. Differential water resource use by herbaceous and woody plant life-forms in a shortgrass steppe community. Oecologia 117:504-512.

Lane, D. R., D. P. Coffin and W. K. Lauenroth. 1998. Effects of soil texture and precipitation on above-ground net primary productivity and vegetation structure across the central grassland region of the United States. Journal of Vegetation Science 9:239-250.

Coffin, D. P., W. A. Laycock and W. K. Lauenroth. 1998. Disturbance intensity and above- and belowground herbivory effects on long-term (14 y) recovery of a semiarid grassland. Plant Ecology 139:221-233.

Milchunas, D. G., W. K. Lauenroth and I. C. Burke. 1998. Livestock grazing: animal and plant biodiversity of shortgrass steppe and the relationship to ecosystem function. Oikos 83:65-74.

Burke, I. C., W. K. Lauenroth, M. A. Vinton, P. B. Hook, R. H. Kelly, H. E. Epstein, M. R. Aguiar, M. D. Robles, M. O. Aguilera, K. L. Murphy and R. A. Gill. 1998. Plant-soil interactions in temperate grasslands. Biogeochemistry 42: 121-143.

Golluscio, R. A. O. E. Sala and W. K. Lauenroth. 1998. Differential use of large summer rainfall events by shrubs and grasses: a manipulative experiment in the Patagonian steppe. Oecologia 115:17-25.

Paruelo, J.M., E. G. Jobbagy, O. E. Sala, W. K. Lauenroth and I. C. Burke. 1998. Functional and structural convergence of temperate grassland and shrubland ecosystems. Ecological Applications 8:194-206.

Epstein, H. E., W. K. Lauenroth, I. C. Burke, and D. P. Coffin. 1998. Regional productivity patterns of plant species in the Great Plains of the United States. Plant Ecology 134:173-195.

Chapin, F. S., O. E. Sala, I. C. Burke, J. P. Grime, D. U. Hooper, W. K. Lauenroth, A. Lombard, H. A. Mooney, A. R. Mosier, S. Naeem, S. W. Pacala, J. Roy, W. L. Steffen and D. Tilman. 1997. Ecosystem consequences of changing biodiversity. BioScience 48:456-52.

Epstein, H. E., W. K. Lauenroth and I. C. Burke. 1997. Effects of temperature and soil texture on ANPP in the U. S. Great Plains. Ecology 78:2628-2631.

Dodd, M. B. and W. K. Lauenroth. 1997. The influence of soil texture on the soil water dynamics and vegetation characteristics of a shortgrass steppe ecosystem. Plant Ecology 133:13-28.

Sun, G., D. P. Coffin and W. K. Lauenroth. 1997. Comparison of root distributions of species in North American grasslands using GIS. Journal of Vegetation Science 8:587-596.

Epstein, H. E., W. K. Lauenroth, I. C. Burke, and D. P. Coffin. 1997. Regional productivity patterns of C3 and C4 functional types in the Great Plains of the United States. Ecology 78:722-731.

Paruelo, J. M., H. E. Epstein, W. K. Lauenroth, and I. C. Burke. 1997. ANPP estimates from NDVI for the central grassland region of the U.S. Ecology 78:722-731.

Burke, I. C., W. K. Lauenroth and W. J. Parton. 1997.  Regional and temporal variation in aboveground net primary production and net nitrogen mineralization in grasslands. Ecology 78:1330-1340.

Paruelo, J. M. and W. K. Lauenroth. 1996. Relative abundance of plant functional types in grasslands and shrublands of North America. Ecological Applications 6: 1212-1224.

Aguiar, M. R., J. M. Paruelo, O. E. Sala and W. K. Lauenroth. 1996. Ecosystem responses to changes in plant functional type composition: An example from the Patagonian Steppe. Journal of Vegetation Science 7: 381‑390.

Singh, J. S., P. Bourgeron and W. K. Lauenroth. 1996. Plant species richness and species‑area relations in a shortgrass steppe. Journal of Vegetation Science 7:645-650.

Coffin, D. P. and W. K. Lauenroth. 1996. Transient responses of North American grasslands to changes in climate. Climatic Change 34:269-278.

Humphries, H. C., D. P. Coffin and W. K. Lauenroth. 1996. An individual‑based model of Alpine plant distributions. Ecological Modelling 84:99‑126.

W. K. Lauenroth. 1996. Application of patch models to examine regional sensitivity to climatic change. Climatic Change 34:155-160.

Epstein, H. E., W. K. Lauenroth, I. C. Burke, and D. P. Coffin. 1996. Ecological responses of dominant grasses along two climatic gradients in the Great Plains of the United States. Journal of Vegetation Science 7: 777-788.

Ihori, T., I.C. Burke, W.K. Lauenroth, D.P. Coffin. 1995. Effects of cultivation and abandonment on soil organic matter in northeastern Colorado. Soil Science Society of America Journal 59:1112‑1119.

Coffin, D. P., W. K. Lauenroth, and I. C. Burke. 1996. Recovery of vegetation in a semiarid grassland 53 years after disturbance. Ecological Applications 6:538‑ 555.

Dougherty, R. L., W. K. Lauenroth and J. S. Singh. 1996. Response of a grassland cactus to frequency and size of rainfall events in a North American shortgrass steppe. Journal of Ecology 84:177‑183.

Milchunas, D. G. A. S. Varnamkhasti, W. K. Lauenroth, and H. Goetz. 1995. Forage quality in relation to long‑term grazing history, current defoliation, and water resource. Oecologia 101:366‑374.

Paruelo, J. M., W. K. Lauenroth, H. E. Epstein, I. C. Burke, M. R. Aguiar, and O. E. Sala. 1995. Regional climatic similarities in the temperate zones of North and South America. Journal of Biogeography 22:2689‑2699.

Burke, I. C., W. K. Lauenroth, and D. P. Coffin. 1995. Soil organic matter recovery in semiarid grasslands: Implications for the Conservation Reserve Program. Ecological Applications 5:793‑801.

Paruelo, J. M. and W. K. Lauenroth. 1995. Regional patterns of normalized difference vegetation index in North American shrublands and grasslands. Ecology 76:1888‑1898.

Milchunas, D. G. and W. K. Lauenroth. 1995. Inertia in plant community structure: State changes after cessation of nutrient enrichment stress. Ecological Applications 5:452‑458.

Milchunas, D. G. J. R. Forwood, and W. K. Lauenroth. 1994. Productivity of long‑term grazing treatments in response to seasonal precipitation. J. Range. Manage. 47:133‑139.

Lauenroth, W. K., O. E. Sala, D. P. Coffin, and T. B. Kirchner. 1994. Recruitment of Bouteloua gracilis in the shortgrass steppe:  A simulation analysis of the role of soil water. Ecological Applications 4:741‑749.

Hook, P.B., W. K. Lauenroth, and I.C. Burke. 1994. Spatial patterns of roots in a semiarid grassland: Abundance of canopy openings and regeneration gaps. J. Ecol. 82:485‑494.

Aguilera, M.O. and W.K. Lauenroth.  1995. Influence of gap disturbances and type of microsites on seedling establishment in Bouteloua gracilis. J. Ecol. 83:87‑ 97.

Hook, P.B. and W. K. Lauenroth. 1994. Root system response of a perennial bunchgrass to neighborhood‑scale soil water heterogeneity. Functional Ecology 8:738‑745.

Lee, C.A. and W. K. Lauenroth. 1994.  Spatial distributions of grass and shrub root systems in the shortgrass steppe. American Midland Naturalist 132:117‑123.

Aguilera, M.O. and W.K. Lauenroth. 1993. Neighborhood interactions in a natural population of the perennial bunchgrass Bouteloua gracilis. Oecologia 94:595‑602.

Aguilera, M.O. and W.K. Lauenroth. 1993. Seedling establishment in adult neighbourhoods: intraspecific constraints in the regeneration of the bunchgrass Bouteloua gracilis. Journal of Ecology 81:253‑261.

Milchunas, D. G. and W. K. Lauenroth. 1993. A quantitative assessment of the effects of grazing on vegetation and soils over a global range of environments. Ecological Monographs 63:327‑366.

Lauenroth, W. K., D. L. Urban, D. P. Coffin, W. J. Parton, H. H. Shugart, T. B. Kirchner, and T. M. Smith. 1993. Modeling vegetation structure‑ecosystem process interactions across sites and ecosystems. Ecological Modelling 67:49‑80.

Burke, I. C. and W. K. Lauenroth. 1993. What do LTER results mean? Extrapolating from site to region and decade to century. Ecological Modelling 67:19‑35.

Coffin, D. P., and W. K. Lauenroth. 1993.  Successional dynamics of a semiarid grassland: Effects of texture and disturbance size. Vegetatio 110:67‑82.

Milchunas, D. G., W. K. Lauenroth and P. L. Chapman. 1992. Plant competition, abiotic, and long‑ and short‑term effects of herbivores on demography of opportunistic species in a semiarid grassland. Oecologia 92:520‑531.

Lauenroth, W. K. and O. E. Sala. 1992. Long term forage production of North American shortgrass steppe. Ecological Applications 2:397‑403.

Milchunas, D. G., C. A. Lee, W. K. Lauenroth, and D. P. Coffin. 1992. A comparison of 14C, 86R, and total excavation for determination of root distributions of individual plants. Plant and Soil 144:125‑132.

Coffin, D. P., and W. K. Lauenroth. 1992. Spatial variability in seed production of the perennial bunchgrass Bouteloua gracilis (H.B.K.) Lag. ex Griffiths.  American Journal of Botany 79:347‑353.

Sala, O. E., W. K. Lauenroth, and W. J. Parton. 1992. Long term soil water dynamics in the shortgrass steppe. Ecology 73:1175‑1181.

Milchunas, D. G. and W. K. Lauenroth. 1992. Carbon dynamics in a semiarid grassland and estimates of production by harvest, 14C dilution, and 14C turnover.  Ecology 73:593‑607.

Hook, P. B., I. C. Burke, and W. K. Lauenroth. 1991. Heterogeneity of soil and plant N and C associated with individual plants and openings in the North American shortgrass steppe. Plant and Soil 138:247‑256.

Burke, I. C., T. G. F. Kittel, W. K. Lauenroth, P. Snook, C. M. Yonker, and W. J. Parton. 1991. Regional analysis of the central Great Plains: Sensitivity to climate variability. BioScience 41: 685‑692.

Biondini, M. E., W. K. Lauenroth, and O. E. Sala. 1991. Correcting estimates of net primary production:  Are we overestimating plant production in rangelands?  Journal of Range Management 44:194‑198.

Coffin, D. P. and W. K. Lauenroth. 1991. Effects of competition on spatial distribution of roots of blue grama Bouteloua gracilis (H.B.K.) Lag. ex Griffiths).  Journal of Range Management 44:68‑71.

Milchunas, D. G., W. K. Lauenroth, P. L. Chapman, and M. K. Kazempour. 1990. Community structure relationships along a multi‑disturbance gradient.  Journal of Vegetation Science 1:375‑384.

Coffin, D. P. and W. K. Lauenroth. 1990. Effects of western harvester ants (Pogonomyrex occidentalis Cresson) on a semiarid grassland and the successional dynamics of nest sites. American Midland Nauralist 123:226‑235.

Burke, I. C., D. S. Schimel, C. M. Yonker, W. J. Parton, L. A. Joyce, and W. K. Lauenroth. 1990. Regional modeling of grassland biogeochemistry using GIS. Landscape Ecology 4:45‑54.

Milchunas, D. G. and W. K. Lauenroth.  1989. Three‑dimensional distribution of vegetation in relation to grazing and topography in the shortgrass steppe. Oikos 55:82‑86.

Sala, O. E., R. A. Golluscio, W. K. Lauenroth, and A. Soriano. 1989. Resource partitioning between shrubs and grasses in the Patagonian steppe. Oecologia (Berl) 81:501‑505.

Coffin, D. P. and W. K. Lauenroth.  1990. A gap dynamics simulation model of succession in a semiarid grassland. Ecological Modelling 49:229‑266.

Coffin, D. P. and W. K. Lauenroth.  1989. Disturbances and gap dynamics in a semiarid grassland: A landscape level approach. Landscape Ecology 3:19‑27.

Coffin, D. P., and W. K. Lauenroth.  1989. Small‑scale disturbances and the successional dynamics in a shortgrass plant community: Interactions of disturbance characteristics. Phytologia 67:258‑286.

Milchunas, D. G. , W. K. Lauenroth, P. L. Chapman, and M. K. Kazempour.  1989. Effects of grazing, topography, and precipitation on the structure of a semiarid grassland. Vegetatio 80: 11‑23.

Liang, Y., D. L. Hazlett, and W. K. Lauenroth.  1989. Water use efficiency of five plant communities in the shortgrass steppe.  Oecologia (Berl.) 80:148‑153.

Coffin, D. P., and W. K. Lauenroth.  1989. Spatial and temporal variation in the seed bank of a semiarid grassland.  American Journal of Botany 76:53‑58.

Sala, O. E., M. E. Biondini, and W. K. Lauenroth.  1988. Bias in estimates of primary production:  An analytical solution.  Ecological Modelling 44:43‑55.

Coffin, D. P., and W. K. Lauenroth.  1988. The effects of disturbance size and frequency on a shortgrass plant community. Ecology 69:1609‑1617.

Milchunas, D.G., O.E. Sala, and W.K. Lauenroth. 1988. A generalized model of the effects of grazing by large herbivores on grassland community structure.  American Naturalist 132:87‑106.

Lauenroth, W. K., O. E. Sala, D. G. Milchunas, and R. W. Lathrop.  1987.  Root dynamics of Bouteloua gracilis during short‑term recovery from drought.  Functional Ecology 1:117‑124.

Sala, O. E., W. J. Parton, L. A. Joyce, and W. K. Lauenroth.  1988.  Primary production of the central grassland region of the United States:  Spatial pattern and major controls.  Ecology 69:40‑45.

Lauenroth, W. K., H. W. Hunt, D. M. Swift, and J. S. Singh.  1986.  Estimating aboveground net primary production in grasslands:  A simulation approach.  Ecol. Model. 33:297‑ 314.

Lauenroth, W. K., H. W. Hunt, D. M. Swift, and J. S. Singh.  1986.  Response to Vogt et al.  Ecology 67:580‑582.  [Response to a critique of Singh, Lauenroth, Hunt, and Swift 1984 root production paper in Ecology].

Milchunas, D. G., W. K. Lauenroth, J. S. Singh, C. V. Cole, and H. W. Hunt.  1985.  Root turnover and production by 14C dilution:  Implications of carbon partitioning in plants.  Plant and Soil 88:353‑365.

Sala, O. E., and W. K. Lauenroth.  1985.  Root profiles and the ecological effect of light rain showers in arid and semiarid regions.  Am. Midl. Nat. 114:406‑ 408.

Lauenroth, W. K., J. K. Detling,  D. G. Milchunas, and J. L. Dodd.  1985.  Impact of SO2 exposure on the response of Agropyron smithii to defoliation.  J. Range Manage. 38:16‑20.

Singh, J. S., W. K. Lauenroth, H. W. Hunt, and D. M. Swift.  1984.  Bias and random errors in estimators of net root production:  A simulation approach.  Ecology 65:1760‑1764.

Milchunas, D. G., W. K. Lauenroth, and J. L. Dodd.  1983.  The interaction of atmospheric and soil sulfur on the sulfur and selenium concentration of range plants.  Plant and Soil 72:117‑125.

Lauenroth, W. K., J. L. Dodd, and D. G. Milchunas.  1983.  Response of a grassland to sulfur and nitrogen additions under controlled SO2 exposure.  J. Environ. Exp. Bot. 23:339‑346.

Webb, W. L., W. K. Lauenroth, and S. R. Szarek.  1983.  Primary production and abiotic controls in native forests, grasslands and desert ecosystems in the United States.  Ecology 64:134‑151.

Singh, J. S., W. K. Lauenroth, and D. G. Milchunas.  1983.  Geography of grassland ecosystems.  Prog. Phys. Geogr. 7:46‑ 80.

Singh, J. S., W. K. Lauenroth, R. K. Heitschmidt, and J. L. Dodd.  1983.  Structural and functional attributes of the vegetation of the northern mixed prairie of North America.  Bot. Rev. 49:117‑149.

Leetham, J. W., J. L. Dodd, and W. K. Lauenroth.  1983.  Effects of low‑level sulfur dioxide exposure on decomposition of western wheatgrass (Agropyron smithii) litter under laboratory conditions. Water Air Soil Pollut. 19:247‑250.

Sala, O. E., W. K. Lauenroth, and W. J. Parton.  1982.  Plant recovery following prolonged drought in a shortgrass steppe.  Agric. Meteorol. 27:49‑58.

Sala, O. E., W. K. Lauenroth, and C. P. P. Reid.  1982.  Water relations:  A new dimension for niche separation between Bouteloua gracilis and Agropyron smithii in North American semiarid grasslands.  J. Appl. Ecol. 19:647‑658.

Sala, O. E., and W. K. Lauenroth.  1982.  Small rainfall events:  An ecological role in semiarid regions.  Oecologia (Berl.) 53:301‑304.

Leetham, J. W., T. J. McNary, J. L. Dodd, and W. K. Lauenroth.  1982.  Response of field populations of soil nematodes, rotifers and tardigrades to three levels of season‑long sulfur dioxide exposures.  Water Air Soil Pollut. 17:343‑ 356.

Milchunas, D. G., W. K. Lauenroth, and J. L. Dodd.  1982.  The effect of SO2 on 14C translocation in Agropyron smithii Rydb.  J. Environ. and Exp. Botany 22:81‑ 91.

Leetham, J. W., W. Ferguson, J. L. Dodd, and W. K. Lauenroth.  1982.  Design and construction of a simple continuous flow sulfur dioxide exposure chamber.  J. Air Pollut. Contr. Soc. 32:181‑182.

Dodd, J. L., W. K. Lauenroth, and R. K. Heitschmidt.  1982.  Effects of controlled SO2 exposure on net primary production and plant biomass dynamics.  J. Range Manage. 35:572‑579.

Parton, W. J., W. K. Lauenroth, and F. M. Smith.  1981.  Water losses from a shortgrass steppe.  Agric. Meteorol. 24:97‑ 109.

Milchunas, D. G., W. K. Lauenroth, J. L. Dodd, and T. J. McNary.  1981.  Effects of SO2 exposure with nitrogen and sulfur fertilization on the growth of Agropyron smithii Rydb.  J. Appl. Ecol. 18:291‑302.

Lauenroth, W. K., and J. L. Dodd.  1981.  Chlorophyll reduction in western wheatgrass exposed to sulfur dioxide.  Water Air and Soil Pollut. 15:3209‑315.

McNary, T. J., D. G. Milchunas, J. W. Leetham, W. K. Lauenroth, and J. L. Dodd.  1981.  Effect of controlled low levels of SO2 on grasshopper densities on a northern mixed‑grass prairie.  J. Econ. Entomol. 74:91‑93.

Dodd, J. L., and W. K. Lauenroth.  1981.  Effects of low‑level SO2 exposure on decomposition of Agropyron smithii litter in the field.  Water Air Soil Pollut. 15:257‑261.

Sala, O. E., W. K. Lauenroth, W. J. Parton, and M. J. Trlica.  1981.  Water status of soil and vegetation in a shortgrass steppe.  Oecologia (Berl.) 48:327‑331.

Milchunas, D. G., W. K. Lauenroth, and J. L. Dodd.  1981.  Forage quality in a grassland exposed to sulfur dioxide.  J. Range Manage. 34:282‑284.

Lauenroth, W. K., J. L. Dodd, and C. E. Dickinson.  1980.  Biomass dynamics of blue grama in a shortgrass prairie and evaluation of a method for separating live and dead material.  J. Range Manage. 33:210‑212.

Coughenour, M. B., W. J. Parton, W. K. Lauenroth, J. L. Dodd, and R. G. Woodmansee.  1980.  Simulation of sulfur cycling in grasslands.  Ecological Modeling 9:179‑213.

Lauenroth, W. K., C. Bicak, and J. L. Dodd.  1979.  Sulfur accumulation in western wheatgrass exposed to three controlled SO2 concentrations.  Plant Soil 53:131‑136.

Lauenroth, W. K., and J. L. Dodd.  1979.  Response of native grassland legumes to water and nitrogen treatments.  J. Range Manage. 32:292‑294.

Coughenour, M. B., J. L. Dodd, D. C. Coleman, and W. K. Lauenroth.  1979.  Partitioning of carbon and SO2‑sulfur in a native grassland.  Oecologia (Berl.) 42:229‑240.

Webb, W. L., S. Szarek, W. K. Lauenroth, R. B. Kinerson, and M. Smith.  1978.  Primary productivity and water use in native forest, grassland and desert ecosystems.  Ecology 59:1230‑ 1247.

Lauenroth, W. K., J. L. Dodd, and P. L. Sims.  1978.  The effects of water and nitrogen induced stresses on plant community structure in a semi‑arid grassland.  Oecologia (Berl.) 36:211‑222.

Sims, P. L., J. S. Singh, and W. K. Lauenroth.  1978.  The structure and function of ten western North American grasslands.  I.  Abiotic and vegetational characteristics.  J. Ecol. 66:251‑285.

Schwartz, C. C., W. K. Lauenroth, R. K. Heitschmidt, and J. L. Dodd.  1978.  Effects of controlled levels of sulphur dioxide on the nutritional quality of western wheatgrass.  J. Appl. Ecol. 15:703‑708.

Heitschmidt, R. K., W. K. Lauenroth, and J. L. Dodd.  1978.  Effects of controlled levels of sulphur dioxide on western wheatgrass in a southeastern Montana grassland.  J. Appl. Ecol. 14:693‑702.

Lauenroth, W. K., and W. C. Whitman.  1977.  Dynamics of dry matter production in a mixed‑grass prairie in western North Dakota.  Oecologia (Berl.) 27:339‑351.

Lauenroth, W. K., and P. L. Sims.  1976.  Evapotranspiration from a shortgrass prairie subjected to water and nitrogen treatments.  Water Resourc. Res. 12(3):437‑442.

Singh, J. S., W. K. Lauenroth, and R. K. Steinhorst.  1975.  Review and assessment of various techniques for estimating net aerial primary production in grasslands from harvest data.  Bot. Rev. 41:181‑232.

Lauenroth, W. K., and W. C. Whitman.  1971.  A rapid method for washing roots.  J. Range Manage. 24:308‑309.


Book Chapters and Proceedings     Top of Page

Dodd, J. L., and W. K. Lauenroth.  1975.  Responses of Opuntia polyacantha to water and nitrogen perturbations in the shortgrass prairie, pp. 229‑240.  In M. K. Wali (ed.) Prairie:  A Multiple View.  Univ. North Dakota, Grand Forks.

Lauenroth, W. K., J. L. Dodd, R. K. Heitschimdt, and R. G. Woodmansee.  1975.  Biomass dynamics and primary production in mixed prairie grasslands in southeastern Montana:  Baseline data for air pollution studies, pp. 559‑578.  In W. Clark (ed.) Proceedings of the Fort Union Coal Field Symposium.  Eastern Montana Coll., Billings.

Dodd, J. L., and W. K. Lauenroth.  1979.  Analysis of the response of a grassland ecosystem to stress.  Chaper 3.  In N. R. French (ed.) Perspectives in Grassland Ecology.  Ecol. Studies, Vol. 32, Springer‑Verlag, New York. 

Lauenroth, W. K.  1979.  Grassland primary production:  North American grasslands in perspective.  Chapter I.  In N. R. French (ed.) Perspectives in Grassland Ecology.  Ecol. Studies Vol. 32, Springer‑Verlag, New York. 

Lauenroth, W. K., and J. E. Heasley.  1980.  Impact of atmospheric sulfur  deposition on grassland ecosystems.  Chapter 41 in D. S. Shriner, C. R. Richmond, and S. E. Lindberg (eds.) Atmospheric Sulfur Deposition:  Environmental Impact and Health Effects.  Ann Arbor Science Publishers, Ann Arbor, Mich. 

Heasley, J. E., W. K. Lauenroth, and J. L. Dodd.  1981.  Systems analysis of potential air pollution impacts on grassland ecosystems.  In W. J. Mitch, R. W. Bosserman, and J. M. Klopatek (eds.) Energy and Ecological Modelling, pp. 347‑ 360.  Elsevier Scientific Publ. Co., Amsterdam. 

Kirchner, T. B., J. E. Heasley, and W. K. Lauenroth.  1981.  A model of carbon flow in lichens.  In W. J. Mitch, R. W. Bosserman, and J. M. Klopatek (eds.) Energy and Ecological Modelling, pp. 361‑374.  Elsevier Scientific Publ. Co., Amsterdam.

West, W., and W. K. Lauenroth.  1983.  Estimating long‑term forage production on rangelands.  Pp. 443‑450 in W. K. Lauenroth, G. V. Skogerboe, and M. Flug (eds.) Analysis of Ecological Systems.  Elsevier Scientific Publ. Co. 

Woodmansee, R. G., and W. K. Lauenroth.  1983.  Modeling reality:  Fact, fancy and fiction.  Pp. 39‑42 in W. K. Lauenroth, G. V. Skogerboe, and M. Flug (eds.) Analysis of Ecological Systems.  Elsevier Scientific Publ. Co. 

Preston, E. M., and W. K. Lauenroth.  1984.  Potential effects of SO2 on the northern mixed prairie:  Overview of the problem.  Chapter 1 in W. K. Lauenroth and E. M. Preston (eds.) The effects of SO2 on a grassland.  Springer‑Verlag Publ., New York. 

Lauenroth, W. K., J. W. Leetham, D. G. Milchunas, and J. L. Dodd.  1984. The plains region and experimental sites.  Chapter 2 in W. K. Lauenroth and E. M. Preston (eds.) The effects of SO2 on a grassland.  Springer‑Verlag Publ., New York. 

Milchunas, D. G., and W. K. Lauenroth.  1984.  Sulfur deposition, cycling and accumulation.  Chapter 4 in W. K. Lauenroth and E. M. Preston (eds.) The effects of SO2 on a grassland.  Springer‑Verlag Publ., New York. 

Lauenroth, W. K., D. G. Milchunas, and J. L. Dodd.  1984.  Responses of the vegetation.  Chapter 5 in w. K. Lauenroth and E. M. Preston (eds.) The effects of SO2 on a grassland.  Springer‑Verlag Publ., New York. 

Leetham, J. W., W. K. Lauenroth, D. G. Milchunas, T. Kirchner, E. M. Preston and T. P. Yorks.  1984.  Responses of heterotrophs.  Chapter 6 in W. K. Lauenroth and E. M. Preston (eds.) The effects of SO2 on a grassland.  Springer‑ Verlag Publ., New York. 

Heasley, J. E., W. K. Lauenroth, and T. P. Yorks.  1984.  Simulation of SO2 impacts.  Chapter 7 In: W. K. Lauenroth and E. M. Preston (eds.) The effects of SO2 on a grassland.  Springer‑Verlag Publ., New York. 

Lauenroth, W. K., D. G. Milchunas, and T. P. Yorks.  1984.  Sulfur dioxide and grasslands:  A synthesis.  Chapter 8 In: W. K. Lauenroth and E. M. Preston (eds.) The effects of SO2 on a grassland.  Springer‑Verlag Publ., New York. 

Lauenroth, W. K.  1985.  New directions for rangeland condition analysis.  Pp. 101‑106 in Proceedings:  Selected papers from 38th Annual Meeting of the Society for Range Management, Salt Lake city, UT, February 11‑15, 1985. 

Lauenroth, W. K., and D. G. Milchunas.  1985.  Effects of SO2 on plant community function.  In: W. E. Winner, H. A. Mooney, and R. A. Goldstein (eds.) The effects of SO2 on plant productivity.  Stanford Univ. Press.

Shugart, H. H., G. B. Bonan, D. L. Urban, W. K. Lauenroth, W. J. Parton, and G. M. Hornberger. 1991. Computer models and long‑term ecological research.pp 1‑239. In: P. G. Riser (ed.), Long‑term ecological research: An international perspective.  Scope 47. John Wiley, New York. 294 p.

Lauenroth, W. K., and D. G. Milchunas.  1993. The shortgrass steppe.  In: R. T. Coupland (ed.) Natural grasslands. Vol 8a. Ecosystems  of the world.  Elsevier Scientific Press, Amsterdam.

Lauenroth, W. K. and D. P. Coffin. 1992. Belowground processes and the recovery of semiarid grasslands from disturbance. pp 131‑150. In: M. K. Wali (ed.) Ecosystem rehabilitation: Vol 2. Ecosystem analysis and synthesis. SPB Academic Publishing, The Hague, The Netherlands. 388 p.

Coffin, D. P., W. K. Lauenroth, and I. C. Burke. 1993. Spatial dynamics in the recovery of shortgrass steppe ecosystems. pp 75‑108. In: R. Gardner (ed) Spatial processes in ecological systems. American Mathematical Society.

Ferreira, V. A. and W. K. Lauenroth. 1993. Computer simulation modeling of pesticide fate. pp 87‑111. In: J. Altman (ed.) Pesticide interactions in crop production. CRC Press Boca Raton, FL.

Lauenroth, W. K., D. G. Milchunas, J. L. Dodd, R. H. Hart, R. K. Heitschmidt, and L. R. Rittenhouse. 1994. Effects of grazing on ecosystems of the Great Plains. pp 69‑100.  In: M. Vavra, W. A. Laycock, and R. D. Pieper (eds.) Ecological implications of livestock herbivory in the West. Society for Range Management. 297 p.

Sala, O. E., W. K. Lauenroth, and I. C. Burke. 1996. Carbon budgets of temperate grasslands and the effects of global change. In: A. I. Breymeyer, D. O. Hall, J. M. Melillo and G. I. Ågren (eds.) The effects of climate change on production and decomposition of coniferous forests and grasslands. SCOPE No. 56, John Wiley & Sons.

Coleman, M. B., T. L. Bearly, I. C. Burke, and W. K. Lauenroth. 1994. Linking ecological simulation models to geographic information systems:  An automated solution. Proceedings of the Environmental Information Management and Analysis: Ecosystem to  Global Scales Symposium. May 1993 Albuquerque, NM

Lauenroth, W. K., and I. C. Burke.  1995.  Great Plains, climate variability.  Pages 237‑249. In: W. A. Nierenberg (ed) Encyclopedia of Environmental Biology. Volume 2. Academic Press Inc., San Diego.

Sala, O. E., W. K. Lauenroth, S. J. McNaughton, G. Rusch, and Xinshi Zhang. 1996. Biodiversity and ecosystem function in grasslands. In: H. Mooney et al. (eds.) Biodiversity and ecosystem function. SCOPE, No. 55. Wiley & Sons, Publishers.

Burke, I. C., W. K. Lauenroth, W. J. Parton, and C. V. Cole.  1994.  Regional assessment of landuse.  In: Groffman, P. and Likens, G. E. et al, (eds.)  Integrated Regional Models. Chapman Hall. 157p.

Lauenroth, W. K., D. P. Coffin, I. C. Burke, and R. A. Virginia. 1997. Interactions between demographic and ecosystem processes: A challenge for functional types. In: T. M. Smith and H. H. Shugart (eds.). Plant functional types. Cambridge University Press.

Sala, O. E., W. K. Lauenroth and R. A. Gollucio.  1997. Semiarid plant functional types in temperate semiarid regions. In: T. M. Smith, H. H. Shugart and F. I. Woodward. (eds.) Plant functional types. Cambridge University Press.

Burke, I. C., W. K. Lauenroth and D. G. Milchunas.  1997.  Biogeochemistry of managed grasslands in the Central Grasslands of the U.S. pp 85-102. In: Paul, E., K. Paustian, E. T. Elliot and C. V. Cole (eds).  Soil organic matter in temperate agroecosystems.  CRC Press, Boca Raton.

Lauenroth, W. K., C. D. Canham, A. P. Kinzig, K. A. Poiani, W. M. Kemp and S. W. Running. 1998. Simulation modeling in ecosystem science. pp 404-415. In: Pace, M. L. and P. M. Groffman (eds.) Successes, limitations and frontiers in ecosystem science. Springer-Verlag, New York. 498 p.

Burke, I. C., W. K. Lauenroth and C. A. Wessman. 1998. Progress in understanding biogeochemical cycles at regional to global scales. pp 165-194. In: Pace, M. L. and P. M. Groffman (eds.) Successes, limitations and frontiers in ecosystem science. Springer-Verlag, New York. 498 p.

Lauenroth, W. K. and M. O. Aguilera. 1998. Plant-plant interactions in grasses and grasslands. pp 209-230. In: Cheplick, G. P. (ed.). Population biology of grasses. Cambridge University Press. 399 p.

Sala, O. E., F. S. Chapin III, R. H. Gardner, W. K. Lauenroth, H. A. Mooney and P. S. Ramakrishnan. 1999.  Global change, biodiversity and ecological complexity. Chapter 11 In: Walker, B., W. Steffan, J. Canadelle and J. Ingram. The terrestrial biosphere and global change. Cambridge University Press. 439 p.

Goudriaan, J., H. H. Shugart, H. Bugmann, W. Cramer, A. Bondeau, R. H. Gardner, L. A. Hunt, W. K. Lauenroth, J. J. Landsberg, S. Linder, I. R. Nobel, W. J. Parton, L. F. Pitelka, M. Stafford Smith, R. W. Sutherst, C. Valentin and F. I. Woodward. 1999. Use of models in global change studies. Chapter 6  In: Walker, B., W. Steffan, J. Canadelle and J. Ingram. The terrestrial biosphere and global change. Cambridge University Press. 439 p.

W. Cramer, H. H. Shugart, I. R. Nobel, F. I. Woodward, H. Bugmann, A. Bondeau, J. A. Foley, R. H. Gardner, W. K. Lauenroth, L. F. Pitelka and R. W. Sutherst. 1999. Ecosystem composition and structure. Chapter 8 In: Walker, B., W. Steffan, J. Canadelle and J. Ingram. The terrestrial biosphere and global change. Cambridge University Press. 439 p.

Lauenroth, W. K. 2000. Methods of estimating belowground net primary production. In: Sala, O. E., R. B. Jackson, H. Mooney and R. W. Howarth (eds.). Methods in ecosystem science. Springer-Verlag.

Lauenroth, W. K. and R. Gill. 2003. Turnover of root systems. Chapter 3 In: H. de Kroon and E. J. W. Visser (eds.). Root ecology. Springer, Berlin.

Cottingham, K.L., D.L. Bade, Z.G. Cardon, C.M. D'Antonio, C.L. Dent, S.E.G. Findlay, W.K. Lauenroth, K.M. LoGiudice, R.S. Stelzer, and D.L. Strayer. 2003. Increasing modeling savvy: Strategies to advance quantitative modeling skills for professionals within ecology. Pp. 428-436 In: Canham, C.D., J.J. Cole, and W.K. Lauenroth, editors.  Models in Ecosystem Science.  Princeton (NJ): Princeton University Press. 

Lauenroth, W.L., I.C. Burke, and J.K. Berry.  2003. The status of dynamic quantitative modeling in ecology.  Pp. 32-48 In: Canham, C.D., J.J. Cole, and W.K. Lauenroth, editors.  Models in Ecosystem Science.  Princeton (NJ): Princeton University Press. 

Epstein. H. E., J. M. Paruelo, G. Pineiro, I. C. Burke, W. K. Lauenroth, and J. E. Barrett. 2006.  Interactions of Water and Nitrogen on Primary Productivity across Spatial and
Temporal Scales in Grassland and Shrubland Ecosystems. Chapter 12 In: D'Odorico, P. and A. Porporato (Eds.) Dryland ecohydrology. Springer

Lauenroth, W. K., I. C. Burke, and J. A. Morgan. 2008. The shortgrass steppe: The region and research sites. Chapter 1 In: W. K. Lauenroth and I. C. Burke (eds.), Ecology of the shortgrass steppe: A long term perspective. Oxford Un20082008iversity Press, New York.

Lauenroth, W. K. 2008. Vegetation of the shortgrass steppe. Chapter 5 In: W. K. Lauenroth and I. C. Burke (eds.), Ecology of the shortgrass steppe: A long term perspective. Oxford University Press, New York.

Peters, D. P. C., W. K. Lauenroth, and I. C. Burke. 2008. The role of disturbances in shortgrass steppe community and ecosystem dynamics. Chapter 6 In: W. K. Lauenroth and I. C. Burke (eds.), Ecology of the shortgrass steppe: A long term perspective. Oxford University Press, New York.

Peters, D. P. C. and W. K. Lauenroth. 2008. Simulation of disturbances and recovery in shortgrass steppe plant communities. Chapter 7 In: W. K. Lauenroth and I. C. Burke (eds.), Ecology of the shortgrass steppe: A long term perspective. Oxford University Press, New York.

Lauenroth, W. K.,  D. G. Milchunas, O. E. Sala, I. C. Burke, and J. A. Morgan. 2008.  Net primary production in the shortgrass steppe. Chapter 12 In: W. K. Lauenroth and I. C. Burke (eds.), Ecology of the shortgrass steppe: A long term perspective. Oxford University Press, New York.

Burke, I. C., A. R. Mosier, P. B. Hook, D. G. Milchunas, J. E. Barrett,  M. A. Vinton,  R. L. McCulley, J. P. Kaye, R. A. Gill, H. E. Epstein, R. H. Kelly, W. J. Parton, C. M. Yonker, P. Lowe, and W.  K. Lauenroth. 2008. Soil organic matter and nutrient dynamics of shortgrass steppe ecosystems. Chapter 13 In: W. K. Lauenroth and I. C. Burke (eds.), Ecology of the shortgrass steppe: A long term perspective. Oxford University Press, New York.

Milchunas, D. G., W. K. Lauenroth, I. C. Burke, and J. K. Detling. 2008. Effects of grazing on vegetation. Chapter 16 In: W. K. Lauenroth and I. C. Burke (eds.), Ecology of the shortgrass steppe: A long term perspective. Oxford University Press, New York.

Milchunas, D. G. and W. K. Lauenroth. 2008. Effects of grazing on abundance and distribution of shortgrass steppe consumers. Chapter 18 In: W. K. Lauenroth and I. C. Burke (eds.), Ecology of the shortgrass steppe: A long term perspective. Oxford University Press, New York.

I. C. Burke, W. K. Lauenroth, M. F. Antolin, J. D. Derner, D. G. Milchunas, J. A. Morgan, and P. Stapp. 2008. The future of the shortgrass steppe. Chapter 19 In: W. K. Lauenroth and I. C. Burke (eds.), Ecology of the shortgrass steppe: A long term perspective. Oxford University Press, New York.

Burke, I. C. and W. K. Lauenroth. (in press). Theory of Ecosystem Ecology. In: Scheiner, S. M. and M. R. Willig (eds.) The theory of ecology. University of Chicago Press.

Books    Top of Page

Lauenroth, W. K., G. V. Skogerboe, and M. Flug (eds.).  1983.  Analysis of ecological systems:  State‑of‑the‑art in ecological modelling.  Elsevier Scientific Publ. Co., Amsterdam.  992 p. 

Lauenroth, W. K., and E. M. Preston (eds.).  1984.  The effects of SO2 on a grassland:  A case study from the United States.  Springer‑Verlag Publ., New York.  207 p. 

Lauenroth, W. K., and W. A. Laycock (eds.). 1989. Secondary succession and the evaluation of rangeland condition.  Westview Press., Boulder, CO. 164 p.

Canham, C.D., J.J. Cole, and W.K. Lauenroth, editors.  2003.  Models in Ecosystem Science.  Princeton (NJ): Princeton University Press.  476 p.

Lauenroth, W. K. and I. C. Burke, editors. 2008. Ecology of the shortgrass steppe: A long term perspective. Oxford University Press, New York.